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CISA - ISACA CISA ( Certified Information Systems Auditor ) - Dump Information

Vendor : ISACA
Exam Code : CISA
Exam Name : ISACA CISA ( Certified Information Systems Auditor )
Questions and Answers : 1178 Q & A
Updated On : January 19, 2018
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CISA Questions and Answers

CISA


QUESTION: 365

Your final audit report should be issued:


  1. after an agreement on the observations is reached.

  2. before an agreement on the observations is reached.

  3. if an agreement on the observations cannot reached.

  4. without mentioning the observations.

  5. None of the choices.


Answer: A


Explanation:

Reporting can take the forms of verbal presentation, an issue paper or a written audit report summarizing observations and management's responses. After agreement is reached on the observations, a final report can be issued.


QUESTION: 366

Well-written risk assessment guidelines for IS auditing should specify which of the following elements at the least (choose all that apply):


  1. A maximum length for audit cycles.

  2. The timing of risk assessments.

  3. Documentation requirements.

  4. Guidelines for handling special cases.

  5. None of the choices.


Answer: A,B,C,D


Explanation:

A well-written risk assessment guidelines should specify a maximum length for audit cycles based on the risk scores and the timing of risk assessments for each department or activity. There should be documentation requirements to support scoring decisions. There should also be guidelines for overriding risk assessments in special cases and the circumstances under which they can be overridden.


QUESTION: 367

The ability of the internal IS audit function to achieve desired objectives depends largely on:


  1. the training of audit personnel

  2. the background of audit personnel

  3. the independence of audit personnel

  4. the performance of audit personnel

  5. None of the choices.


Answer: C


Explanation:

The ability of the internal audit function to achieve desired objectives depends largely on the independence of audit personnel. Top management should ensure that the audit department does not participate in activities that may compromise its independence.


QUESTION: 368

In-house personnel performing IS audits should posses which of the following knowledge and/or skills (choose 2):


  1. information systems knowledge commensurate with the scope of the IT environment in question

  2. sufficient analytical skills to determine root cause of deficiencies in question

  3. sufficient knowledge on secure system coding

  4. sufficient knowledge on secure platform development

  5. information systems knowledge commensurate outside of the scope of the IT environment in question


Answer: A,B


Explanation:

Personnel performing IT audits should have information systems knowledge commensurate with the scope of the institution's IT environment. They should also possess sufficient analytical skills to determine the root cause of deficiencies.


QUESTION: 369

A comprehensive IS audit policy should include guidelines detailing what involvement the internal audit team should have?


  1. in the development and coding of major OS applications.

  2. in the acquisition and maintenance of major WEB applications.

  3. in the human resource management cycle of the application development project.

  4. in the development, acquisition, conversion, and testing of major applications.

  5. None of the choices.


Answer: D


Explanation:

The audit policy should include guidelines detailing what involvement internal audit will have in the development, acquisition, conversion, and testing of major applications. Such a policy must be approved by top management for it to be effective.


QUESTION: 370

For application acquisitions with significant impacts, participation of your IS audit team should be encouraged:


  1. early in the due diligence stage.

  2. at the testing stage.

  3. at the final approval stage.

  4. at the budget preparation stage.

  5. None of the choices.


Answer: A


Explanation:

For acquisitions with significant IT impacts, participation of IS audit is often necessary early in the due diligence stage as defined in the audit policy.


QUESTION: 371

Which of the following should be seen as one of the most significant factors considered when determining the frequency of IS audits within your organization?


  1. The cost of risk analysis

  2. The income generated by the business function

  3. Resource allocation strategy

  4. The nature and level of risk

  5. None of the choices.


Answer: D


Explanation:

You use a risk assessment process to describe and analyze the potential audit risks

inherent in a given line of business. You should update such risk assessment at least annually to reflect changes. The level and nature of risk should be the most significant factors to be considered when determining the frequency of audits.


QUESTION: 372

Properly planned risk-based audit programs are often capable of offering which of the following benefits?


  1. audit efficiency and effectiveness.

  2. audit efficiency only.

  3. audit effectiveness only.

  4. audit transparency only.

  5. audit transparency and effectiveness.

  6. None of the choices.


Answer: A


Explanation:

Properly planned risk-based audit programs shall increase audit efficiency and effectiveness. The sophistication and formality of this kind of audit do vary a lot depending on the target's size and complexity.


QUESTION: 373

The sophistication and formality of IS audit programs may vary significantly depending on which of the following factors?


  1. the target's management hands-on involvement.

  2. the target's location.

  3. the target's size and complexity.

  4. the target's budget.

  5. the target's head count.

  6. None of the choices.


Answer: C


Explanation:

Properly planned risk-based audit programs shall increase audit efficiency and effectiveness. The sophistication and formality of this kind of audit do vary a lot depending on the target's size and complexity.


QUESTION: 374

Which of the following is one most common way that spyware is distributed?


  1. as atrojan horse.

  2. as a virus.

  3. as an Adware.

  4. as a device driver.

  5. as a macro.

  6. None of the choices.


Answer: A


Explanation:

One of the most common ways that spyware is distributed is as a Trojan horse, bundled with a piece of desirable software that the user downloads off the Web or a peer-to-peer file-trading network. When the user installs the software, the spyware is installed alongside.


QUESTION: 375

Which of the following is not a good tactic to use against hackers?


  1. Enticement

  2. Entrapment


Answer: B


Explanation:

Enticement occurs after somebody has gained unlawful access to a system and then subsequently lured to a honey pot. Entrapment encourages the commitment of unlawful access. The latter is not a good tactic to use as it involves encouraging someone to commit a crime.


QUESTION: 376

Creating which of the following is how a hacker can insure his ability to return to the hacked system at will?


  1. rootsec

  2. checksum

  3. CRC

  4. backdoors

  5. None of the choices.


Answer: D


Explanation:

A backdoor refers to a generally undocumented means of getting into a system, mostly for programming and maintenance/troubleshooting needs. Most real world programs have backdoors. Creating backdoors is how a hacker can insure his ability to return to the hacked system at will.


QUESTION: 377

A trojan horse simply cannot operate autonomously.


  1. true

  2. false


Answer: A


Explanation:

As a common type of Trojan horses, a legitimate software might have been corrupted with malicious code which runs when the program is used. The key is that the user has to invoke the program in order to trigger the malicious code. In other words, a trojan horse simply cannot operate autonomously. You would also want to know that most but not all trojan horse payloads are harmful - a few of them are harmless.


QUESTION: 378


Which of the following refers to the collection of policies and procedures for implementing controls capable of restricting access to computer software and data files?


  1. Binary access control

  2. System-level access control

  3. Logical access control

  4. Physical access control

  5. Component access control

  6. None of the choices.


Answer: C


Explanation:

Logical access control is about the use of a collection of policies, procedures, and controls to restrict access to computer software and data files.Such control system should provide reasonable assurance that an organization's objectives are being properly achieved securely and reliably.


ISACA CISA Exam (ISACA CISA ( Certified Information Systems Auditor )) Detailed Information

Certified Information Systems Auditor (CISA)
Enhance your career by earning CISA—world-renowned as the standard of achievement for those who audit, control, monitor and assess information technology and business systems.
Boost Your Credentials and Gain a Competitive Edge
The CISA designation is a globally recognized certification for IS audit control, assurance and security professionals. Being CISA-certified showcases your audit experience, skills and knowledge, and demonstrates you are capable to assess vulnerabilities, report on compliance and institute controls within the enterprise.
How to Earn Your CISA
To learn more about obtaining your CISA, click on the steps below.
Step 1: Register for the Exam »
Step 2: Prepare for the Exam »
Step 3: Take the Exam »
Step 4: Apply for Certification »
Step 5: Maintain a Certification »
How to Become CISA Certified
CISA Logo
The CISA designation is awarded to individuals with an interest in Information Systems auditing, control and security who meet the following requirements:
Successful completion of the CISA examination
Submit an Application for CISA Certification
Adherence to the Code of Professional Ethics
Adherence to the Continuing Professional Education Program
Compliance with the Information Systems Auditing Standards
1. Successful completion of the CISA Examination
The examination is open to all individuals who have an interest in information systems audit, control and security. All are encouraged to work toward and take the examination. Successful examination candidates will be sent all information required to apply for certification with their notification of a passing score. For a more detailed description of the exam see CISA Certification Job Practice. Also, CISA Exam Preparation resources are available through the association and many chapters host CISA Exam Review Courses (contact your local chapter).
2. Submit an Application for CISA Certification
Once a CISA candidate has passed the CISA certification exam and has met the work experience requirements, the final step is to complete and submit a CISA Application for Certification. A minimum of 5 years of professional information systems auditing, control or security work experience (as described in the CISA job practice areas) is required for certification. Substitutions and waivers of such experience, to a maximum of 3 years, may be obtained as follows:
A maximum of 1 year of information systems experience OR 1 year of non-IS auditing experience can be substituted for 1 year of experience.
60 to 120 completed university semester credit hours (the equivalent of an 2-year or 4-year degree) not limited by the 10-year preceding restriction, can be substituted for 1 or 2 years, respectively, of experience.
A bachelor's or master's degree from a university that enforces the ISACA-sponsored Model Curricula can be substituted for 1 year of experience. To view a list of these schools, please visit www.isaca.org/modeluniversities. This option cannot be used if 3 years of experience substitution and educational waiver have already been claimed.
A master's degree in information security or information technology from an accredited university can be substituted for 1 year of experience.
Exception: 2 years as a full-time university instructor in a related field (e.g., computer science, accounting, information systems auditing) can be substituted for 1 year of experience.
As an example, at a minimum (assuming a 2-year waiver of experience by substituting 120 university credits), an applicant must have 3 years of actual work experience. This experience can be completed by:
3 years of IS audit, control, assurance or security experience
2 years of IS audit, control assurance or security experience and 1 full year non-IS audit or IS experience or 2 years as a full-time university instructor.
It is important to note that many individuals choose to take the CISA exam prior to meeting the experience requirements.
This practice is acceptable and encouraged although the CISA designation will not be awarded until all requirements are met.
The work experience for CISA certification must be gained within the 10-year period preceding the application date for certification or within 5 years from the date of originally passing the exam. The CISA Application for Certification is available at www.isaca.org/cisaapp. Note that candidates have 5 years from the passing date to apply for certification.
3. Adherence to the Code of Professional Ethics
Members of ISACA and/or holders of the CISA designation agree to a Code of Professional Ethics to guide professional and personal conduct.
4. Adherence to the Continuing Professional Education (CPE) Program
The objectives of the continuing education program are to:
Maintain an individual's competency by requiring the update of existing knowledge and skills in the areas of information systems auditing, control or security.
Provide a means to differentiate between qualified CISAs and those who have not met the requirements for continuation of their certification
Provide a mechanism for monitoring information systems audit, control and security professionals' maintenance of their competency
Aid top management in developing sound information systems audit, control and security functions by providing criteria for personnel selection and development
Maintenance fees and a minimum of 20 contact hours of CPE are required annually. In addition, a minimum of 120 contact hours is required during a fixed 3-year period.
View the complete Continuing Professional Education Policy.
5. Compliance with the Information Systems Auditing Standards
Individuals holding the CISA designation agree to adhere to the Information Systems Auditing Standards as adopted by ISACA.
ISACA Certification: IT Audit, Security, Governance and Risk
Earn an ISACA certification and enhance your professional credibility. A CISA, CISM, CGEIT or CRISC after your name confirms to employers that you possess the experience and knowledge to meet the challenges of the modern enterprise.
Get recognized as an expert in your profession
With a globally recognized ISACA certification, you hold the power to move ahead in your career, increase your earning potential and add value to any enterprise.
Are you newly certified? Share your success: contact news@isaca.org for customizable communications.
ISACA offers the following certifications:
Certified Information Systems Auditor Learn more about CISA
(CISA)
The CISA certification is world-renowned as the
standard of achievement for those who audit, control, monitor and assess an organization’s information technology and business systems. The recent quarterly
IT Skills and Certifications Pay Index (ITSCPI) from Foote Partners ranked CISA among the most sought-after and highest-paying IT certifications.
Job Practice Area
A job practice serves as the basis for the exam and the experience requirements to earn the CISA certification. This job practice consists of task and knowledge statements, organized by domains.
Study Materials
ISACA has prepared a variety of study resources in various languages to fully prepare for your CISA Exam. These include primary references, publications, articles, the ISACA Journal and other links.
Online Learning
ISACA eLearning Campus offers a variety of online learning courses for certification exam preparation and continuing professional education.
Review Courses
ISACA chapters in numerous countries offer CISA Review courses. View the Review Course list to determine if there is a course in your area, or contact your local chapter for additional courses.
Exam Preparation Community
ISACA created the CISA exam preparation community as a place for current CISA exam registrants to collaborate and study with other registrants within the ISACA environment.
ISACA Singapore Chapter has developed a 5-day weekend Review Course and Mock Test (100 questions) to help you with final week preparations for your certification exam. The training designed to provide an overview of the exam, including domains covered, format, structure and the testing approach.
The review course would be followed by a mock test (100 questions) for the purpose of assessing your preparations towards successfully passing the upcoming certification Exam. Learn specific strategies, techniques and tips for taking and passing the exam. The course uses lectures, group discussions and facilitator presentations, as well as self-assessment. Earn up to 20 continuing professional education (CPE) hours that may be applicable to your current certifications.
CISA Weekend Review Workshop
Course Objectives:
-Gain an understanding of the format and structure of the CISA certification exam
- Understand the various topics and technical areas covered by the exam
- Learn specific strategies, tips and techniques for taking and passing the exam
- Understand the testing approach
- Execute practice questions with detailed debriefs of answers
- Self assessment to test your readiness during CISA exam mock test
For more information on CISA, please visit: http://www.cvent.com/d/sfqhbk
CPE Credits: 20
Language: English
Fees:
Members: S$500 (Early Bird)
Nonmembers: S$600 (Early Bird)
Certified in Risk and Information Systems Control (CRISC) Print
ISACACertified in Risk and Information Systems Control (CRISC)
Certified in Risk and Information Systems Control (CRISC) is an advanced certification introduced in 2010 by ISACA, and designed for IT and business professionals who identify and manage risks through the development, implementation and maintenance of appropriate information systems (IS) controls.
Objective
CRISC is designed for experienced professionals, who can demonstrate 5 or more years of IT or business experience, and at least 3 years of experience in the CRISC focus areas. It also requires passing a 4-hour test, designed to evaluate an applicant's understanding of risk and information systems controls.
Focus areas
The professional experience and knowlegde requirements are grouped into 5 job practice domains:
Domain 1 — Risk identification, assesment and evaluation
Domain 2 — Risk response
Domain 3 — Risk monitoring
Domain 4 — IS control design and implementation
Domain 5 — IS control monitoring and maintenance
Relationship with other ISACA certifications
CRISC is intended to complement ISACA’s three existing certifications.
CRISC is for IT and business professionals who are engaged at an operational level to mitigate risk while Certified in the Governance of Enterprise IT (CGEIT) is for IT and business professionals who have a significant management, advisory or assurance role relating to the governance of IT, including risk management;
CRISC is for IT and business professionals who design, implement and maintain IS controls while CISA is designed for IT professionals who perform independent reviews of control design and operational effectiveness;
CRISC is for IT professionals whose roles encompass security, operational and compliance considerations, while CISM is for individuals who manage, design, oversee and/or assess an enterprise’s information security, including the identification and management of information security risks.
Article by ArticleForge

Cybersecurity awareness important to combat ransomware attacks in APAC: ISACA

Adrian M. Reodique | Nov. 18, 2016

Besides security tools, businesses must also educate their employees to increase their cybersecurity awareness.

Eddie Schwartz, ">CISA, CISM, CISSP-ISSEP, PMP, board director of ISACA, chair of ISACA's Cybersecurity Working Group.

With the increasing number of ransomware incidents, businesses in the Asia Pacific (AC) region must not only invest in technologies to prevent such attacks, but also educate their employees to increase their cybersecurity awareness.

"The key thing is that no matter how good your defences are, you are always subject to the human factor," Eddie Schwartz, Board Director of ISACA and Chair of ISACA's Cybersecurity Working Group, said in an interview with CIO Asia.

"Most organisations spend an awful lot of money hoping they can prevent attacks from a technological perspective. What we've all learned is that targeted attacks start from the human end users. By educating the people in your organisation to be more aware and more careful with the e-mails and programmes they open, the risk of ransomware attacks will be significantly lowered," he continued.

In fact, a survey by Trend Micro revealed that "employees' lack of knowledge" is the biggest insider threat to a company's cybersecurity posture.

Meanwhile, Schwartz considered ransomware as one of the fastest-growing cybercrimes this year. Ransomware is a type of malware which block users from accessing their documents until a ransom is paid.

In line, Schwartz noted the evolution of ransomware can be attributed to the ongoing vulnerabilities both in social engineering and common desktop systems and platforms. "The motive and intent of cyber criminals have also changed, which means that attacks are more targeted to individual organisations that criminals are pursuing. Ransomware continues to also be successful due to poor recovery strategies by many organisations," he added.

Ransomware incidents can cause businesses to lose sensitive or propriety information, face disruption to its operations, incur financial losses to restore systems and files, and cause irreparable damage to their reputation, said Schwartz.

As such, he advised organisations to put comprehensive ransomware defences in their cybersecurity programme planning, processes and technology to defend their business against ransomwares.

Schwartz also underscored the need for more skillful cybersecurity professionals. "There is definitely a need for technical security experts and cyber security employees to undergo ongoing training [to familiarise themselves with new] techniques to identify, respond, and recover from complex cyber-attacks.  These skills need to be battle tested in real-world scenarios."

When asked if organisations should pay the ransom in exchange of encryption tools, he said: "While there is no perfect defence for ransomware, recovery can be achieved without payment of the ransom."

Other security threats in Asia Pacific

Aside from ransomware, Schwartz said the region also faced an increasing nation-state attacks which aim to test the resiliency of its military and economy. "Attackers and cybercriminals are most focused on stealing information, money or both."

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Article by ArticleForge

ISACA Survey Shows US Consumers See Value in Augmented Reality, but Confidence in Internet of Things Knowledge Takes a Dive

ROLLING MEADOWS, Ill.--(BUSINESS WIRE)--

As every business becomes a digital business, the spread of technology such as augmented reality (AR) and Internet of Things (IoT) devices can add significant business value and personal convenience. Yet a new study from global business technology and cybersecurity association ISACA shows that consumers and IT professionals disagree on the risks and rewards. US consumers who are employed are more positive about the benefits of AR than IT professionals are, with 60 percent or more agreeing that a range of suggested AR applications would improve their life and make it easier for them to do their job. However, 67 percent of IT professionals are not certain the benefits of AR outweigh the risks.

This Smart News Release features multimedia. View the full release here:

The applications of AR consumers see offering the greatest benefits include training guides and retail and healthcare geolocation for personal use, and training, safety guides and product demonstrations in a work setting. At the same time, confusion over the Internet of Things is growing, according to the consumer study. The percentage of consumers who are confident in their ability to identify IoT technologies has dropped 10 points or more from 2015 to 2016 in Australia, UK and the US.

ISACA’s annual IT RiskReward Barometer polls thousands of IT and cybersecurity professionals and consumers worldwide to uncover attitudes and behaviors about essential technologies and information, and the trade-offs organizations and consumers are making in gauging the risks and rewards. This year’s consumer study focused on IoT devices in general and those enhanced with AR in the US, UK, Australia, India and Singapore.

According to Goldman Sachs, AR and virtual reality have the potential to become the next big computing platform. The firm’s conservative estimate is that the hardware and software market will grow to US $80 billion by 2025.* Awareness of AR grew rapidly with the launch of the Pokémon Go game in July 2016, and many businesses saw profit directly if their site was incorporated into the game.

“With the proliferation of IoT-enabled devices and the drive to provide enhanced user experiences, IoT and AR have the power to become a source of unprecedented value and opportunity, as well as significant risk,” said Rob Clyde, an ISACA board director. “Individuals and enterprises should focus on rapidly getting up to speed on these technologies while learning how to manage risk so they do not compromise their company’s ability to innovate.”

According to the US consumer segment of ISACA’s 2016 IT RiskReward Barometer:

  • 71 percent of US consumers report owning at least one IoT device.
  • 73 percent claim they are knowledgeable in identifying IoT devices—a 10-point drop from 2015.
  • Fewer than half (43 percent) report being knowledgeable in identifying IoT devices that have been enhanced with augmented reality.
  • Privacy Breaches and Virtual Graffiti Attacks

    The Barometer shows that consumers and IT professionals alike have concerns about the possible risks of IoT devices enhanced with AR. Seventy-seven percent of consumers are concerned that these enhancements may make them more personally vulnerable to a privacy breach. Over half (56 percent) feel that their workplace is vulnerable to so-called virtual graffiti attacks.

    The parallel survey conducted among US IT and cybersecurity professionals shows that the business world is still in the early stages of AR adoption:

  • 37 percent of organizations have not used AR applications and do not plan to do so in the next year.
  • 14 percent of respondents have used AR outside of work.
  • The percentage of respondents who say the benefits of business use of AR outweigh the risks (15 percent) is only slightly lower than those who believe the opposite (18 percent), and the majority (67 percent) say they are unsure.
  • Nearly 1 in 3 (32 percent) have a way to detect pictures, posts and videos geotagged to their business location or advertisements.
  • Only 7 percent have a program in place to monitor negative comments on virtual graffiti apps.
  • Top barriers to adoption of AR in organizations are insufficient ROI (18 percent), security concerns (18 percent), insufficient budget (13 percent), and lack of skillsknowledge (11 percent).
  • “Enterprises need to work on being agile and applying sound measures around governance, security and risk management to fully realize the benefits of these technology advances. Proactive monitoring for malicious activity like virtual graffiti and data breaches is critical for business to gain value and mitigate risk,” said Christos Dimitriadis, Ph.D. ">CISA, CISM, CRISC, chair of ISACA’s Board of Directors and group director of Information Security for INTRALOT.

    How Enterprises Can Prepare for AR

    ISACA recommends enterprises take the following steps to realize the business benefits of AR:

  • Extend social media monitoring to AR platforms. Leverage and extend current social media policies and monitoring to augmented reality platforms.
  • Consider how AR can improve your business. Training, diagnostics and marketing are three areas with particularly strong potential.
  • Review your governance framework and update your policies. orporate use of AR as part of the business into organizational policies and procedures—including BYOD (bring your own device) and privacy policies.
  • Build security into every part of the process. Security is a crucial component of AR initiatives that helps ensure confidence in the data.
  • To see full results of the 2016 ISACA IT RiskReward Barometer, including a survey report and related infographics, visit .isacarisk-reward-barometer.

    About ISACA’s 2016 IT RiskReward Barometer

    The annual IT RiskReward Barometer is a global indicator of trust in information. Conducted by ISACA, a global association of more than 140,000 business technology professionals, the Barometer polls thousands of business and IT professionals and consumers worldwide to uncover attitudes and behaviors about essential technologies and information, and the trade-offs people make to balance risk and reward. The study is based on online polling of 6,591 ISACA members among 140 countries from 19-29 September 2016. Additional online surveys were fielded by MARC Research among 1,230 consumers in the US, 1,000 consumers in the UK, 1,000 consumers in Australia, 1,001 consumers in India and 1,000 consumers in Singapore. The US survey ran 6-8 August 2016, and the UK, Australia, India and Singapore surveys ran 12-23 August 2016. At a 95 percent confidence level, the margin of error for each country sample is +- 3.1 percent.

    * “Virtual & Augmented Reality: Understanding the Race for the Next Computing Platform,” Jan. 13, 2016, Goldman Sachs.

    View source version on businesswirem:

    MULTIMEDIA AVAILABLE:

  • Article by ArticleForge

    UK businesses are not keen to embrace AR

    Businesses are reluctant to accept augmented reality, a new survey by ISACA has shown. The main reasons for this reserved stance is that they don’t believe the benefits are bigger than the risks of implementing the new technology.

    The findings were published in ISACA’s new report, entitled IT RiskReward Barometer, which polled 363 UK professionals. Less than a fifth (18 percent) currently believe the benefits of AR are bigger than the risks, and 40 percent say that both organizations and consumers should be "very concerned" about the privacy risks that go with the implementation of augmented reality tech.

    The biggest fear is "virtual graffiti", according to 54 percent of respondents.

    They feel the UK consumers are vulnerable to such attacks, and currently just three percent of tech pros have means of monitoring such behavior. More than three quarters (76 percent) of consumers believe that the IoTAR combo can make their devices more vulnerable to breaches.

    "Enterprises need to work on being agile and applying sound measures around governance, security and risk management to fully realize the benefits of these technology advances. Proactive monitoring for malicious activity like virtual graffiti and data breaches is critical for businesses to gain the full value of new technologies while mitigating risk", says Christos Dimitriadis, Ph.D. ">CISA, CISM, CRISC, chair of ISACA’s Board of Directors and group director of Information Security for INTRALOT.

    The full report can be found on this link.

    Published under license from ITProPortalm, a Future plc Publication. .

    Photo Credit: Ahmet Misirligul

    Article by ArticleForge

    Indian enterprises are cautious about augmented reality: ISACA

    A new study from ISACA shows that consumers and IT professionals disagree on the risks and rewards of new technologies like augmented reality.

    This cool button delivers CIO stories to you on :

    As every business becomes a digital business, the spread of technology such as augmented reality (AR) and Internet of Things (IoT) devices can add significant business value and personal convenience. Yet a new study from global business technology and cybersecurity association ISACA shows that consumers and IT professionals disagree on the risks and rewards. Indian consumers who are employed are more positive about the benefits of AR than IT professionals are, with 90 percent or more agreeing that a range of suggested AR applications would improve their life or make it easier for them to do their job. However, only 30 percent of IT professionals in India are convinced the benefits of AR outweigh the risks.

    ISACA’s annual IT RiskReward Barometer polls thousands of business technology professionals and consumers worldwide to uncover attitudes and behaviors about essential technologies and information, and the trade-offs organizations and consumers must make in weighing both the benefits and potential threats. This year’s five-country consumer study – conducted in the US, UK, Australia, India and Singapore – focused on IoT devices and those enhanced with AR.

    The India consumer segment of ISACA’s 2016 IT RiskReward Barometer found that:

  • 85 percent of Indian consumers report owning at least one IoT device
  • 94 percent claim they are knowledgeable in identifying IoT devices
  • Eighty percent report being knowledgeable in identifying IoT devices that have been enhanced with AR.
  • According to Goldman Sachs, AR and virtual reality have the potential to become the next big computing platform. The firm’s conservative estimate is that the hardware and software market will grow to US $80 billion by 2025.* Awareness of AR grew rapidly with the launch of the Pokémon Go game in July 2016, which saw many businesses profit directly if their site was incorporated into the game and other businesses inspired to incorporate AR into marketing campaigns.

    “With the proliferation of IoT-enabled devices and the drive to provide enhanced user experiences, IoT and AR have the power to become a source of unprecedented value and opportunity, as well as significant risk,” said Rob Clyde, an ISACA board director. “Individuals and enterprises should focus on rapidly getting up to speed on these technologies while learning how to manage risk so they do not compromise their company’s ability to innovate.”

    The survey shows that consumers and IT professionals alike have concerns about the possible risks of IoT devices enhanced with AR. Ninety-one percent of consumers are concerned that these enhancements may make their devices more vulnerable to a privacy breach. Additionally, a majority (78 percent) of Indian consumers feel that their workplace is vulnerable to virtual graffiti attacks, which can deface buildings, landmarks and other surfaces with negative, unauthorized imagery. Only 11 percent of organizations in India have a program in place to monitor negative comments on virtual graffiti apps.

    The parallel survey conducted by ISACA among IT and cybersecurity professionals in India shows that the business world is still in the early stages of AR adoption. Among the findings:

  • 17 percent say their organization plans to use AR in the next year.
  • 9 percent of respondents have used AR outside of work.
  • The percentage of respondents who say the benefits of AR outweigh the risks (30 percent) is higher than those who believe the opposite (21 percent), but about half of respondents say they are unsure.
  • Only one-fourth of the respondents say their organizations have a way to detect pictures, posts and videos geotagged to their business location or advertisements.
  • Top barriers to adoption of AR are lack of skillsknowledge (20 percent), security concerns (20 percent) and insufficient budget (16 percent).
  • “Enterprises need to work on being agile and applying sound measures around governance, security and risk management to fully realize the benefits of these technology advances.  Proactive monitoring for malicious activity like virtual graffiti and data breaches is critical for businesses to gain the full value of new technologies while mitigating risk,” said Christos Dimitriadis, Ph.D. ">CISA, CISM, CRISC, chair of ISACA’s Board of Directors and group director of Information Security for INTRALOT.  

    MORE LIKE THIS Gartner: India software market to grow 12.8 percent in 2017

    Infrastructure software spending in India is projected to surpass $3.4 billion in 2017, a 10.2 percent increase from 2016.

    Government of Telangana Inks MoU with Microsoft

    Microsoft will help the Government of Telangana explore cloud, machine learning and mobile based solutions to improve citizen services, education, healthcare and agriculture in the state. 

     

    Mastercard and Ratnakar Bank partner to launch QR Code payments in India

    The low cost and easy-to-deploy technology is designed to ensure that even the smallest merchants, whether in a major city or a remote area, can participate.

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  • Article by ArticleForge

    The Future of COBIT—We Need Your Input

    It is time to consider the next evolution of the COBIT framework beyond COBIT 5—and here is your chance to play an important role.

    As you are well aware, COBIT is the premier IT governance framework, helping organizations around the world realize significant value. ISACA is seeking your help to ensure that COBIT continues to evolve as a vibrant framework that encompasses the new capabilities and threats (Internet of Things, big data, cyber security, DevOps, etc.) constantly arising in the world of IT governance.

    We are in the process of evaluating and fundamentally changing COBIT to better serve COBIT users and would like to get your feedback and thoughts. A key part of the evaluation process is our belief that, to fully enable organizations worldwide, we recommend changing the delivery model by providing COBIT-as-a-Service (CaaS).

    As a starting point, we have considered usage feedback and market data of existing COBIT 5 and COBIT 4.1 frameworks, as well as enhancements leveraging the recent acquisition of the CMMI Institute.

    What We Know:

  • COBIT is highly regarded as the single comprehensive IT framework and has excellent brand recognition globally.
  • There are no direct competitors with “like” products that include IT audit, cyber security, IT risk, IT governance and business principles.
  • COBIT 5 is 5 years old and it needs to be dynamically updated going forward.
  • Key industry trends of crowdsourcing and open sourcing solutions improve relevance of products.
  • We Want Your Input on This New Idea—Providing COBIT-as-a-Service (CaaS):

  • Provide a fully-online, interactive COBIT framework, COBIT Implementation, COBIT Enabling Processes and COBIT Enabling Information to ALL. Crowdsource to members and non-members to ensure currency in a dynamic and changing environment through frequent content refresh.
  • Determine whether we need to provide oversight to updates or leave it up to the practitioner base to address any issues that arise.
  • Add additional domains and industry-specific content with data tags to allow users to create a customtailored COBIT to allow many different views of COBIT—e.g., by subject area, by role, by industries, etc.
  • Partner with internal (e.g., CMMI) and external organizations to go deeper in areas of expertise (e.g., cyber security), and also with organizations that go outside the traditional areas of focus for COBIT (e.g., IT supporting product development).
  • Provide cross-linkage to externally referenced frameworks (e.g., ITIL).
  • Create unique and relevant principles, policies, processes, practices and tools for specific industries (e.g., health care) and audiences (e.g., privacy).
  • Develop a digital platform (mobileweb) for viewing, updating and using COBIT content.
  • Build a broader community of experts and involve them in thought leadership.
  • We Need Your Help to Achieve This Future StatePlease provide your thoughts and comments on the vision for COBIT by 1 December, and let us know what else you would like by emailing cobitresearchisaca.

    About the authors:

    John Lainhart, ">CISA, CISM, CGEIT, CRISC, CIPPG, CIPPUS, serves as the Cybersecurity Fellow, emeritus for IBM’s Center for the Business of Government. He is also on the Board of Directors of George Washington University’s Center for Cyber and Homeland Security, serves on the Cyber Maryland Advisory Board and as an advisor to the ISACA Board of Directors.

    Matthew Conboy, ">CISA, is a strategic operations manager at Cigna, and has over 10 years of experience leading and consulting within the strategy, project execution and riskaudit domains, with special focus on the bridge between IT and Business. Since 2008 he has been on the board of his local Greater Hartford Connecticut (GHC) ISACA chapter, and currently is the chapter’s vice president and chair of the Education and Marketing and Communications Committees.

    Frank Schettini, MBA, is Chief Innovation Officer of ISACA. Prior to joining ISACA, he worked as vice president of information technology at Project Management Institute (PMI). His experience includes more than 30 years in various industries in the areas of strategic planning; project, program and portfolio management; process improvement; enterprise architecture; and change management.

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